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what is diabetes?

what is diabetes

Acombination of metabolic disorders that result in higher blood sugar levels than normal, due to imbalances in the secretion of the hormone known as insulin, its function and effect in the cellsof the body, or both, and to better understand the disease, it is worth showing the role of insulin incontrol, eating or exposure to some factors causes a rise Blood sugar, which in turn stimulates the pancreas to secrete the hormone insulin that regulates blood sugar levels, by stimulating its introduction into various cells of the body, so that the presence of a problem in the secretion of insulin or the response of cells to the secretor insulin results in high blood sugar rates, which is known as diabetes,

Symptoms of diabetes:

There are some early symptoms and signs that may appear in people with diabetes, including:

Frequent urination and increased risk of dehydration.

Increased thirst due to dehydration.

Weight loss in the absence of insulin, i.e. in the case of type 1 diabetes.

Nausea and vomiting in untreated cases of diabetes.

Feeling tired and general fatigue.

Frequent exposure to infection

Reconciled with nature in the treatment of diabetes

The problem of diabetes is that it accompanies its owner for life and harms his way of life and food and drink even in the smallest details of his life and that taking medications continuously affects many vital organs in his body so start the problem of nerves and the problem of vision and other problems but here we offer some herbs and natural ingredients that we can use either prevention or assistance to treat the disease and this does not avoid consulting the doctor.

- Cinnamon:The most important thing that distinguishes cinnamon is that it is a sweet herb that tastes and smells, and this encourages diabetics to use it for dessert without adding sugar, and studies have shown an important role similar to the work of insulin, with its ability to stimulate the metabolism of sugar, reduce cholesterol levels and fat and control blood pressure, used in food and beverages. Cinnamon is used in many foods because of its strong smell, an amazing herbal treatment for diabetes and treatment of obesity, muscle spasms, diarrhea and colds, and many studies have confirmed that regular cinnamon intake can help control high blood sugar and can therefore be used as an alternative drug to treat diabetes patients

You can eat cinnamon bark, powder or 2-inch cinnamon stick capsules, half a teaspoon cinnamon powder and a 500 mg cinnamon capsule. .


_Ring:Seeds that have the ability to lower blood sugar levels, contain fiber and chemicals that have the ability to slow down the digestion of carbohydrates, in addition to may lower cholesterol levels in people with diabetes, and the ring can be prepared by boiling it in warm water, grinding it, or can be used as capsules.


The plant of the sajada:

This type of plant is called "sugar destroyer" in Hindi, the herb of the sajda plant increases enzyme activity in cells, and also positively affects insulin production.

You can eat the herb of the plant in powder, make tea with its leaves or in the form of capsules as a dietary supplement, you can make tea by soaking the leaves in boiling water for 10 minutes, and you can also add the powder to a glass of lukewarm water and eat it.

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Ginger isoften used to treat digestive problems and infections, but researchers have found that it may reduce blood sugar level without affecting insulin level, so it may play a role in reducing insulin resistance, and can be used by adding its chopped fresh powder or root to food or drinking it with tea or as a dietary supplement that helps ginger reduce blood glucose levels, and many scientific studies have shown that ginger helps control blood sugar levels by increasing the secretion of insulin hormone and insulin sensitivity.

You can chew raw ginger, add it to foods, drink ginger tea, use ginger oil and add it as one of the ingredients in a cup of juice taken ginger root 1-2 inches or oil 3-4 drops or a quarter cup of juice melted with water but powdered 1 to half a teaspoon, can be eaten morning or should be avoided after 6 o'clock and can be added a little before lunch.


Aginseng:

GinsengG is known to enhance immunity and the body's ability to fight diseases, as studies and research have shown the properties of ginseng anti-diabetes plant, when you eat ginsengg, absorption of carbohydrates slows down, cells consume more glucose, and helps to increase insulin production in the pancreas, if you have diabetes, ginseng can help you reduce blood glucose levels by 15 to 20% can get root or ginseng powder, Add it to boiling water and leave for 5-6 minutes and the powder can be mixed in warm water only a teaspoon of powder or 7-8 slices of roots and be early in the morning and before dinner:


المريمية: . :

Eating sage herb on an empty stomach can help significantly reduce blood glucose levels, and it promotes insulin secretion, which helps reduce the level of blood sugar in pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes patients, and also affects me. Liver function positively and thus improve the body's immunity.

Or half a teaspoon of dried paper or 2-3 cups per day can be eaten early in the morning on an empty stomach or add leaves in the food



Cactus:Cactus is a well-known plant of interest, especially with regard to protecting the skin from sunburn and related damage, and cactus extract may help slow progress

Type 2 diabetes may help protect and repair beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, and can be taken by adding pulp to juice, and taking capsules containing aloe vera supplements. Studies and research have shown that aloe vera gel (aloe vera gel) contains compounds that reduce fat and reduce blood sugar, there is aloe vera in the markets can be prepared home by taking a leaf of plant and extracting gel and adding lemon juice and can be taken capsules 300 mg per day and 100 g of aloe vera and consumed early in the morning or before food. .



Also known as bitter watermelon, traditional medicine has been used for centuries, and there is some evidence that it may contribute to controlling diabetes symptoms, and research has shown that eating it

In its many forms, it may lead to lower blood sugar levels in some people, including seeds, pulp, juice and supplements, and there is insufficient evidence to support its use instead of a hormone

Insulin or diabetes medication, however, may help some people reduce dependence on these medications or reduce doses. A creepy grass plant whose original plant is desert areas, especially in Saudi Arabia, and the hinges are very bitter plants and usually the proverb goes on and says (order of hanzal). The fruit is smooth.. contains a sponge pulp, which is attributed to the strong laxative effect and the handalus is considered one of the strongest laxatives ever as it contains a large number of seeds among the spongy pulp called the seeds of the hanzal "hepid".. All parts of the hanzal plant are used to reduce blood sugar, especially the seed cover known as "short" and the bitterness of the palate in the seeds must be eliminated by washing it several times with water and salt.



ThistleMilk: Thistle milk has anti-inflammatory properties, and has been used in ancient times to treat many diseases, especially as a liver stimulant; it contains silimarin, a compound with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which may make thistle milk a useful herb for people with diabetes, symptoms of diabetes show symptoms of diabetes as a result of high blood sugar levels, and a general symptom of the following: increased feeling of hunger. Increased thirst. Weight loss. Frequent urination. Blurred vision. Feeling very tired. Sores that don't heal.

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Melons contain many nutrients including

Water improves digestion, maintains kidney health, controls blood pressure, increases the feeling of satiety, vitamin C, one cup of which gives the recommended amount and promotes collagen in cartilage and bones, prevents diabetes and cancer and reduces cold symptoms.

More accarotein than oranges and apricots help provide the body with vitamin A that is important for eye health and enhances immunity and is important for heart health

A.A. A.Helps control the level of sugar and is rich in fiber, antioxidants and vitamin C

Garlic:

Increases insulin secretion in the body. It should be noted that garlic is a rich source of organic sulfur compounds 80% of which is believed to be responsible for its flavor, smell and health benefits and contains secondary plant substances of cestatin phosphoride compounds, selenium compounds and soapy steroids such as flavonoids

Latency: Has a magical ability to lower levels of sugar and cholesterol.

Several laboratory experiments have confirmed that latency granules inhibit enzymes causing high blood sugar, reducing blood sugar after only two hours.

Cloves: It has enormous pharmacological properties, its positive effect in the fight against diabetes in the long run. Cloves for diabetics: Cloves appear at the top ofthe list of medicinal plants for spices containing some vitamins and minerals especially vitamin K, and minerals in cloves are zinc, copper and magnesium.

In addition to the antioxidants available in cloves, they are also necessary in taking advantage of the function of the pancreas, which is responsible for insulin production, and together we see the health benefits of cloves for diabetics:

1- Reducing glucose level: Cloves can help reduce blood sugar level and has been scientifically proven and some studies have stated that diabetics who take cloves daily are able to lower the blood sugar level in the bloodstream, and two reasons for this first is the optimal function of the pancreas in the production of insulin and cloves contains properties that have a function almost identical to insulin in lowering blood sugar level.

Cloves enhance the functioning of the pancreas, the clove contains polyphenol that promotesthe health of the pancreas and ensures its optimalfunction.

Cloves may help prevent excessive weight gain while treating insulin resistance symptoms

The cholesterol level in diabetics is controlled by the presence of polyphenols that help maintain cholesterol level by good control of harmful cholesterol and type 2 diabetes:

It can work insulin function, which is the most important function of cloves is the function of insulin in regulating blood sugar level, although cloves are well known as home treatment for diabetes but now even modern drugs are made of cloves for use as an alternative to insulin, meaning that cloves are of great value to help treat patients with type 1 diabetes:

Akarma: It has the ability to fight diabetes characterized by its antioxidant properties that help reduce blood sugar to control blood sugar levels, where curcumin may help people control blood sugar levels, studies have indicated that it treats high blood sugar, and reduce insulin sensitivity, however, research is contradictory in this area, oral intake may help reduce blood glucose, prevent complications related to diabetes, including:

Maintaining liver health, preventing neuropathy including eye problems, helps reduce pain caused by inflammatory diseases such as arthritis accelerate wound healing and enhances immunity you can chew a little raw turmeric or take capsules or consume it in the form of ahalf-inch root taken and taken from a paste root teaspoon and can bechewed on an empty stomach before food or dinner.

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Awild thyme:

Thyme regulates the level of cholesterol and in the retention of the and viruses and helps to get rid of digestive and urinary tract problems.

Oregano thyme helps eliminate digestive, respiratory and urinary tract problems and reduces the body's natural sugar level

Also known as bardoch contains glycosides that lower blood sugar levels, as it increases pancreatic activity, it helps increase insulin activity and uses oregano regularly in different kitchens, fresh or dried oregano can be used in food, chewing leaves, Oregano tea is made, and oregano oil can be taken 600 mg per day or 4-6 drops per day or 4-5 leaves twice a day and preferably drunk early in the morning and in totems and chewing its leaves in the morning. .

Oregano is used regularly in different kitchens, fresh or dried oregano can be used in food, chewing leaves, making oregano tea, oregano oil can be taken 600 mg per day or 4-6 drops per day or 4-5 leaves twice a day and preferably drinking it early in the morning and in the mines and chewing its leaves in the morning.

A dandelion:


  • Dandelion activates the functioning of the digestive system and pancreas and protects. From gastrointestinaldiseases.

  • Dandelion maintains the body's normal sugar level

  • Cleans theliver.

A for Rihan It is useful in the treatment of infections that affect the joints and stomach.

Basil activates the functioning of the heart, liver andbrain.

Mint: Mint is a general tonic for the work of different bodyorgans.

Mint is used to soothe stomach pain and headpain.

Achamomile:

  • Chamomile is an effective sedative to relieve back, joint and nerve pain and get rid of mentaldisorders.

  • Chamomile is an active role in skin health and freshness and vitality, so it is involved in the cosmetic and skin careindustry.

  • Chamomile is used to get rid of vaginal infections through chamomile baths, and treats throat and throatinfections.

  • Chamomile treats some skin problems such as skin infections in the moutharea.

. Rosemary

  • Rosemary strengthens the body's immunity to disease.

  • It strengthens the brain's work and activates memory.

  • Rosemary maintains the normal level of sugar in thebody.

  • Rosemary is an effective anti-inflammatory plant that affects thebody.

  • Helps get rid of vomiting, nausea, pulmonary edema andothers.

The rosemary activates the work of the water-watering device

A. Laurel Leaves:


  • Laurel leaves are used to treat upper gastrointestinal problems and to treat pain caused by digestive disorders, as well as necrhose leavesthat stimulate appetite and increase the releaseof necrhic juices.

Neem herb:.

Due to the origins of neem herb in the State of India, neem leaves are characterized by their anti-diabetes, anti-fungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, some studies show that neem herb has properties to lower the level of blood sugar. Taken from 4 to 5 leaves or a teaspoon of water-diluted putty and can be taken before breakfast once a day.

Sheila'sherb:


The shilagite herb is characterized by its antioxidant properties, its ability to reduce the risk of heart disease and increase fertility, and studies have also proven its ability to maintain the level of blood sugar.

You can eat this good quality herb with milk, honey or sesame oil 100-300 mg per day in the morning and before lunch

Spiny figs:

A herbaceous plant with large disc leaves with long thorns with yellow to orange flowers, which has a large fruit in thesize of the elliptical pear and has a sweet taste. This plant is spread in most regions of the world and the taif region and abha and cold areas inthe Kingdom are known for their best types and fruits are beloved fruits and favorites in the summer. It is scientifically known as.. The part used by the plant leaves, flowers and fruits,its leaves arereduced to blood sugar and cholesterol as well as obesity.



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Ona mountain prophet:

A perennial herbaceous plant with small leaves and black-colored blueberry fruits scientifically known as tannins acid, fruit acids, sugars and glucosides, and the leaves contain arbotin. blood sugar and reduces it, especially in cases of late-emerging diabetes, and it increases insulin production and plant uses as a drug anti-vomit antiseptic antiseptic antiseptic drug for the urinary system. It should be noted that this plant reduces sugar well, people with diabetes in need of insulin should not eat this grass in a drenched form without consulting the competent or qualified doctor to help cranberries to treat diabetes patients type 2,

cranberries contain a compound called glucokinin, which is responsible for reducing blood sugar levels, you should Be careful if you are taking cranberries with diabetes medications because they may cause your blood sugar level to drop to dangerous levels, so you should monitor your blood sugar levels regularly recommended to take raspberry extract to control blood sugar grills and can be taken 10-1000mg once in the morning and once in the evening an hour before dinner.


Chia seeds are rich in soluble carbohydrates, which slow down the absorption of food in the intestines, slowing sugar's access to blood and reducing the speed of

High blood levels, and these fibers enhance the feeling of satiety, reducing the amount of calories a person eats.


Onion:


One of the benefits of onions for diabetics is that it is low in calories, with the American Diabetes Association recommending that you eat at least three to five servings of vegetables a day, and onions can be added to your daily diet without gaining too many calories, with half a cup of chopped green onions containing 26 calories, while stored onions, such as yellow, white or red onions, contain 16 calories per half cup. Green onions and storage contain a large amount of fiber, which helps maintain bowel activity and reduce constipation, a person with diabetes may be prone to constipation due to nerve problems associated with diabetes, may help him eat 25-30 grams of fiber per day to treat this problem, as a benefit of onions for diabetics. One of the benefits of onions for diabetics is that it contains high concentrations of micronutrients called flavonoids, which can affect blood sugar.




Avocado:

Contains low carbohydrate levels and has little effect on raising blood sugar levels

Its usefulness comes as:

- It will not cause an increase in blood sugar

- Good source of fiber

- Helps with weight loss and improved insulin sensitivity

- Contains healthy fats.



Watercress: Helps watercress lower glucose levels and avoid high blood sugar levels andinsulin resistance

Pomegranate peel: is the most beneficial part of the fruit, despite its extreme bitterness, as it contains high-benefit nutrients that help reduce blood glucose levels in diabetics.


Naked Sylvester:

It is a unique healing herb that has been used for centuries in ancient Indian medicine that helps the pancreas produce insulin in type 2diabetes. It reduces the dependence on insulin medications.

Licorice licorice is a very good natural remedy to relieve the symptoms of low blood sugar. Licorice helps increase blood and body sugar levels. Cut the licorice and add boiling water to it and leave it for five minutes, and you can drink this tea once a day.

Parsley:

Helps improve liver and pancreatic function, making it a very effective physical therapy for low blood sugar. Juice extracted from parsley leaves can be taken daily to activate the liver and pancreas, once a day for beneficial results in hypoglycemia.

Abitter pumpkin:

Bitter pumpkins, also known as bitter melons, are useful for controlling diabetes because of its effect on blood sugar reduction. It tends to affect glucose metabolism throughout the body rather than a particular organ ortissue. It helps increase the pancreas secretion of insulin and prevents insulin resistance. Thus, bitter pumpkins are useful for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, it cannot be used to replace insulin treatment.

Indian foxgrape



With C vitamin and indian fox grapes juice enhances the functioning of the pancreas. Take 2-3 indian currants, remove the seeds and grind them into a soft paste, put the dough in a piece of cloth to extract the juice. Mix 2 tablespoons of juice in a glass of water and drink daily on the empty. Alternatively, mix a tablespoon of Indian fox grapes juice in a glass of bitter pumpkin juice and drink daily for a few months.


Al-Kharoub:

The carob lowers the blood sugarlevel, that the carob has a large percentage of sugar but it is safe to use it does not raise sugar used as an alternative to sugar and cocoa. It is a food that protects diabetics from serious complications caused by the disease such as sugary foot, as it protects the kidneys and reduces the level of excess sugar as well as reducing triglycerides.

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GreenApples: Eating one grain of green apple reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes, but this benefit still needs further studies to prove.


Water is one of the best beneficial drinks for diabetics because it does not raise blood sugar levels, and drinking enough water may help the body get rid of a large percentage of excess glucose in the blood through urine, preferably drinking about 13 cups of water a day for men Nine cups a day for women, and if you don't accept drinking only regular water, some lemon or orange slices can be added to the water, some herbs such as mint, basil and lemon balm can be added, and two fruits of fresh or frozen berries can be squeezed on water and drank.

Mangoleaves:

Sensitive and used to treat diabetes by regulating insulin levels in the blood. It can also help improve the fatty substance in theblood. Soak 10-15 mango leaves in a glass of water all night

.Arabic sugar gumj:

Arabic gum is a natural ingredient that is effective in regulating blood sugar, because it helps to stimulate the body to produce insulin, and is very suitable for diabetics, and does not cause any kind of side effects on health, and is taken in thisway:

This

Black pill:

The black pill works to prevent diabetes mainly, as the components of the black pill make it, according to the study of Taif University a protective drug for diabetes, and it works the healing of diabetes.

- Black pill protects diabetics from serious complications that can be caused to many patients, such as cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure diseases, high cholesterol as well, and other serious complications resulting from diabetes.- At first it should be noted that the important oil inside the black pill is pilot oil, so you should grind the black pill when it is fully ingested. The black pill can be added to various foods in the three meals daily, it can be added to the baked by the diabetic, as can be added to vegetables, salad dishes and other foods, so that they are used as much as possible..

o . Papers

Raspberry leaves in Ayurveda have been used for many centuries to control diabetes. Recently, the Journal of Nutrition reported that berry leaf contains high amounts of anthocyaniden, which promotes the action of various proteins involved in glucose transfer and fat metabolism and due to this unique feature, raspberry leaves are a great way to lower blood sugar levels. Grind the raspberry leaves and use 100 milligrams of this extract every day on theempty.


Curryleaves:

Curry leaves are useful in preventing and controlling diabetes as they have anti-diabetes properties. Curry leaves contain an ingredient that reduces the rate at which starch is broken into glucose indiabetics. So, you can simply chew a little fresh curry daily in the morning.



Guava :

Due to vitamin C and high fiber intake, eating guava can be really useful in maintaining your blood sugar level. It is best for diabetics not to eat the crust of fruit. However, it is not recommended to consume too much guava.

Green tea has found that green tea has a positive impact on public health including reducing blood pressure and reducing levels of harmful cholesterol, and other research has shown that eating green tea up to six cups a day can contribute to reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes, making green tea among the best beneficial drinks for diabetics, but avoid adding taste sweeteners to tea and instead can add some lemon slices.

Coffee: Drinking coffee can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes for people who eat two or three cups a day,

Types of oils that help your diabetic:

Coconut oil

According to nutritionists, coconut oil is one of the best cooking oils for diabetics, and a study showed that coconut oil may support natural glucose balance and boost the immune system through fatty acid metabolism, and can help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

Virgin olive oil

Meals made from olive oil increase only a small amount of blood sugar compared to corn oil, and one medical statistic showed that olive oil is useful in controlling and preventing type 2 diabetes, and olive oil can be used to season and cook at low heat, where you should avoid cooking it on high heat and frying using it

Walnut oil

It is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 and many vitamins, and contains high levels of alpha linolenic acid, and when taken for three months helps reduce blood sugar

Flaxseed oil

This type of oil is very safe for type 2 diabetes patients, as studies have confirmed that it does not affect insulin levels and blood glucose, and is also considered a dietary supplement for diabetics due to its high concentration of omega-3 fatty acids

Canola oil

Canola oil is extracted from rapeseed, a bright yellow flowering plant containing a high amount of omega-3 fatty acids. Due to its low amount of saturated fat, it is considered one of the best cooking oils for diabetics. A study has also shown that canola oil reduces oxidative stress and inflammation in the body, helping to improve complications of type 2 diabetes

Sunflower oil

A study showed that sunflower oil significantly reduces blood glucose, and its high oleic acid content contributes to reducing the body's total cholesterol, directly improving insulin and fat levels and preventing the risk of metabolic syndrome, which is known to cause diabetes

Sesame oil

A study found that the use of sesame oil contributes to lowering blood pressure and increasing antioxidants in diabetics, and the study also suggests that sesame oil can be used safely with a range of medications to treat type 2 diabetes. This is also a good choice for cooking at high temperature

Avocado oil

Avocado oil contains a high amount of monounsaturated fat and is one of the best sources of fatty oleic acid, a monounsaturated fat that helps diabetics adjust insulin and blood glucose rates

Rice bran oil

Olek acid is the most important ingredient in rice bran oil, so eating it significantly reduces total cholesterol and improves insulin resistance when ingested for 50 days. Rice bran oil is extracted from the solid outer layer of rice


Now we come up with important recipes that help diabetics:

Recipe 1: Its results are amazing 20 grams of walnuts + a liter of boiling water soaking walnut leaves in a liter of boiling water for ten minutes and then draining and drinking over 3 months

Second recipe: 100 liters of olive oil + 1 teaspoon turmeric + 1/4 teaspoon pomegranate peel + a spoon of honey and mix can be eaten daily teaspoon in the morning or before lunch

The third recipe is three lemons of crust, 2 tablespoons olive oil and 1 teaspoon of pond taken daily at breakfast

Fourth recipe: 50 grams rosemary,50 g wild thyme, 3 tablespoons olive oil boils herbs and taken extract then added to olive oil and stir well and taken before food

Recipe 5: Cloves 3 and a half cups of lemon juice, 5 tablespoons of olive oil and 20 mg of rashad love put the ingredients together and leave a day together with the perfection of closing and drink by a quarter of a teaspoon.

Recipe 6: 2 teaspoons ground thermos and 1 teaspoon cinnamon added to a cup of hot water, stir, then cover directly and drink daily before lunch,

The seventh recipe: 10 grams of mustard love, 5 kg cinnamon and one clove of crushed or dry garlic added to his carrying oil of oils mentioned leaves 3 thiem and then taken daily

Recipe 7: Onion juice is added to it drops of honey and taken daily

: It is a unique tried recipe with brilliant results that everyone who tried it and its easy-to-prepare ingredients are available in every house. Recipe 8:

Ingredients:

  • 100 g wheat

  • 100 g barley

  • 100 g black pond

  • 100 grams male gum

Recipe preparation method: Mix all these ingredients together and then boil well in a large pot containing 3 liters of water and then drain and leave to cool and then put in the refrigerator.

Method of use: A large cup of the recipe is taken on the empty daily for 11 days connected and God willing the healing will be done then make an analysis after which God is the healer. Equal small amounts of turmeric, cinnamon and cloves were brought with two sheets of basil, placed in a large cup containing boiling water, covering and leaving 10 minutes, then drained and drinked and poured into a pot with ice cubes that were drunk twice a day. Bring equal small amounts of turmeric, cinnamon and cloves with two sheets of basil are placed in a large cup containing boiling water and covers and leaves 10 minutes then drain and drink and pour in a pot with ice cubes that have been drunk twice a day

There are many helpful recipes.

Whatfoods are recommended for diabetics:

The main goal of a particular diet for diabetics is to control blood sugar levels and prevent high

This is to avoid health complications that may occur due to persistently high blood sugar levels, but some foods beneficial to both types of diabetes can be described as follows:

Vegetables and fruits: Diabetics should eat at least five servings of vegetables and fruits of different colors daily

We mention some examples of fruits and vegetables useful for diabetics:....

Leafyvegetables: They are very useful and have a high nutritional value, because they contain small amounts of calories, small amounts of carbohydrates that cause high blood sugar, and leafy vegetables such as spinach, turnips, etc. are a rich source of several vitamins, the most important of which is vitamin C, and the importance of vitamin C lies in reducing inflammatory indicators in the body, in addition to the fact that leafy vegetables contain anti-oxidant lotin

Which may play a role in reducing the risk of eye-damaging complications such as macular degeneration, white and glaucoma. .

Prickly:

This type of vegetable is one of the most nutritious foods, low in calories and carbohydrates, rich in vitamin C, magnesium, as well as many antioxidants beneficial to healthy eyes. It has a beneficial effect on sugar and cholesterol levels.

Strawberries: Characterized by a type of antioxidant known as anthocyanins, very rich in vitamin C and low in calories, one cup provides the body with 49 calories.

. Berries: It is rich in antioxidants, reducing oxidative stress associated with many diseases, and berries of all kinds; blueberries, blackberry berries, etc., are rich in worms from generally healthy, such as vitamin C, potassium, and other nutrients.

Healthy carbohydrates:

Carbohydrates break down into smaller molecules, and turn into blood sugar during digestion, and in general it can be said that this food group should make up between 45-65% of the calories consumed daily, and the diabetic is advised to calculate the amount in meals, and Take the same amount a day to maintain a steady level of blood sugar; It means that it can eat 1,000 calories of carbohydrates, and since every single gram of carbohydrates provides the body with 4 calories, this amount can be calculated in fines by dividing it by 4, which means that this person needs to eat 250 grams of carbohydrates per day.

Fiber:

These are plant parts that are not digested and not absorbed by the body, and from foods rich in fiber: vegetables and fruits, legumes and whole grains, as fiber helps regulate blood sugar, in addition to its role in controlling sugar

Digestion.

Fish:

Fish such as salmon, sardines, herring, anchovies and mackerel are among the most healthy foods, because they are a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, which have great benefits for heart health,

Diabetes patients should maintain regular fish intake because they are more likely to develop heart disease, and fish is also an important source of healthy protein, which helps increase metabolic rate and feeling full.

Dairyproducts: Diabetics can eat dairy products, but these products should be non-greasy or low-fat, such as milk, yogurt, or cheese

Healthyfats:

such as walnuts, almonds, avocados, olives,

These foods are characterized by the fact that they contain unsaturated monodyloid fats

And multiple unsaturated fats.

. Dairy and its products:

Eat dairy or one of its products once to twice a day, to reduce insulin resistance by 20%, reduce sugar, and prevent complications.

Green leaf vegetables: The most important of which is cabbage, it reduces sugar and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.

It reduces sugar and reduces weight because it contains omega-3, which acts as an anti-inflammatory substance.

Legumes: Themost important of which are beans, because they are rich in fiber that regulates blood sugar level, gives a feeling of fullness, and protects against cardiovascular disease.

At a rate of 30%, heart disease and high blood pressure are also prevented due to fiber language.

Artichokes:Eat after boiling or steaming, along with light lemon sauce, because it contains sinarin with natural sugar-reducing properties.

Nuts:Eat a small handful of it daily.

Wheatembryo: Found in both baked goods, cereals and flour, because it contains vitamin B and is useful for reducing sugar.

Vinegar:Add three quarters to a tablespoon of vinegar to 2 tablespoons of oil, then add to the salad. Or soak the meat or chicken with vinegar sauce.

  • Oats:Can be eaten with food instead of white bread

  • Oatmeal helps diabetics reduce blood sugar, because it is low in calories and has a percentage of moderate sugars.

  • Oats help give the body the energy to engage in daily activities effectively, reducing exposure to complications ofdiabetes.

  • Contains the best minerals including potassium, calcium and zinc, as well as copper, which is one of the main minerals important for diabetes and reduce itssymptoms.

  • Diabetics are known to be more likely not to heal wounds on the skin, and oats help to heal skin layersfaster.

  • Helps to lose excess weight, reducing diabetes-causingfat.

  • Oats are whole grains that are useful for reducing high bloodpressure.

Eating oatmeal is a great natural alternative instead of white bread, especially fordiabetics. How can physiotherapy help in Dibetes?

There is no cure for Type 2 diabetes. Treatment, then, aims to help people manage lifestyle changes in order to control their blood glucose levels. This minimizes the risk of complications in people with the condition, or can prevent Type 2 diabetes developing in the first place.


Exercise and a healthy diet are recommended both for prevention and for people already diagnosed. People with diabetes often have other medical problems or risk factors for ill health, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, a history of stroke or obesity. In these cases, it's especially important that your lifestyle changes, including your exercise program, meet your individual needs.


Your physiotherapist is the key health professional to advise about this. In trying to prevent the onset of diabetes, or to stop the condition becoming worse, a physiotherapist will advise on exercise to reduce body fat and to improve how the body processes glucose. Both are key factors in managing diabetes.


Physiotherapists also have a role in treating people with some of the complications of diabetes. These include difficulties with vision and sensory changes due to circulation problems and nerve damage, both of which affect a person’s safety. Some people may develop a dropped foot, causing them to trip, which requires exercise and also assessment for a foot splint. In extreme cases, the altered circulation may result in an amputation. Here, a physiotherapist will be part of the team that gets you walking again.

Physiotherapy Management of Diabetes


Therapeutic exercise programs comprise the major aspect of management. Patient education for proper foot care is an essential part of the physical therapy program for diabetic patients.

Exercise Therapy

A sound, individually tailored exercise prescription is a cornerstone in the management of Diabetes Mellitus.

  • It is recommended that people with DM ought to have a regular aerobic exercise and strength training to reassure positive adaptations in the control of blood glucose concentration, insulin action, muscular strength and exercise tolerance.

  • Importance of different modes of exercises in patients with type 2 diabetes - increases uptake of glucose by muscles, improves utilization, altering lipid levels, increases high density lipoprotein and decreases triglyceride and total cholesterol.

  • Exercise helps people to overcome disability by preventing, treating and rehabilitating neuromuscular complications like neuropathies, skin break down, foot ulcers, arthritis, other joint pains, frozen shoulder, back pain and osteoarthritis associated with DM.

  • Moderate to high levels of different modes of exercises like cardio respiratory fitness exercises, aerobic exercise and progressive resistance exercises are also associated with substantially lower morbidity and mortality in men and women with diabetes.

Guidelines for a sound exercise program are as follows:

  • Do not exercise if the blood glucose level is less than 100 mg/dl or greater than 250 mg/dl.

  • Preferably, exercise indoor instead of outdoor to minimize the risk of integumentary and musculoskeletal trauma, as well as for the patient to have an immediate access to necessary things to address hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis.

  • Patients are highly advised to wear the medical tag for diabetics each time they come out of their house to go somewhere else.

  • Always have a carbohydrate snack at hand every exercise session. A glass of orange juice or milk is a good pickup for a patient who is experiencing hypoglycemia.

  • Exercise in a comfortable temperature. Never exercise in extreme temperatures.

  • For Type 1 (Insulin Dependent) patients, never exercise during the peak times of insulin. Collaborate with the nurse in charge for the patient regarding the type of insulin administered.

  • Type 2 diabetics are advised to have an average of 30 minutes of exercise duration per session.

  • Always wear proper footwear and exercise in a safe environment.

  • Type 1 diabetics may need to reduce insulin or increase food intake prior to the start of an exercise program. Physical Therapists must coordinate with the referring physician for this case.

  • During prolonged exercise duration, 10-15 grams of carbohydrate snack is recommended for every 30 minutes.

  • Clients who are on Sulfonylureas are red flags because it can cause exercise-induced hypoglycemia. Closely coordinate with the referring physician if this was missed prior to referral.

  • Menstruating women need to increase insulin during menses, especially if they're not active.

  • There should be no short-acting insulin injections close to the muscles to be exercised within one hour of exercise.

  • Patients should eat 2 hours before exercising. If planning to exercise after meal, patients must wait 1 hour prior to start.

  • Patients must always carry their own portable blood glucose monitor. They must check their glucose levels before and after exercise.

  • Patients are advised to drink 17 oz. of fluid before exercise.

  • If blood glucose is less than 100 mg/dl but not less than 70mg/dl, the physical therapist may provide carbohydrate snack and then recheck the glucose level after 15 minutes.

  • Make sure exercise doesn't contribute unnecessary stress to the patient. Stress increases insulin requirements. A gradual progression from aerobic and resistance exercises is the key.

  • Avoid exercising late at night.

  • If faced with an unexpected and difficult situation wherein the physical therapist is in doubt whether the patient is experiencing hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, always give a glass of orange juice or milk, or a carbohydrate snack. This is the safest action because this can relieve hypoglycemia (if it is indeed) and cannot harm if it is hyperglycemia.

  • Exercise five times a week as a maintenance (or at least every other day) and at the same schedule / time, preferably.

  • As much as possible, patient must not exercise alone, so that there will always be someone to help in unexpected situations.

  • Good examples of carbohydrate snacks (10-15 grams of carbohydrates) are half a cup of fruit juice or cola, 8 oz. of milk, 2 packets of sugar, 2 oz. tube of honey or cake deco gel.

Diabetics are more prone to hypoglycemia than hyperglycemia during exercise. Watch for classic Signs and Symptoms


Lifestyle Changes to Control Your Diabetes

  1. Eat healthy. This is crucial when you have diabetes, because what you eat affects your blood sugar. No foods are strictly off-limits. Focus on eating only as much as your body needs. Get plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Choose nonfat dairy and lean meats. Limit foods that are high in sugar and fat. Remember that carbohydrates turn into sugar, so watch your carb intake. Try to keep it about the same from meal to meal. This is even more important if you take insulin or drugs to control your blood sugars.


2. Exercise. If you're not active now, it’s time to start. You don't have to join a gym and do cross-training. Just walk, ride a bike, or play active video games. Your goal should be 30 minutes of activity that makes you sweat and breathe a little harder most days of the week. An active lifestyle helps you control your diabetes by bringing down your blood sugar. It also lowers your chances of getting heart disease. Plus, it can help you lose extra pounds and ease stress.


3.Proper Care of limbs.

Ensuring your limbs remain clean and moisturized is key to preventing and treating diabetic neuropathy. Make sure to wash your hands and feet properly when showering or bathing. Use anti-bacterial soap or body wash, but make sure to rinse away the soapy residue with warm water.


After bathing, spend extra time drying off your hands, feet, legs, and arms with a clean, soft towel. Once you are dry, moisturize your hands and feet using a specialized lotion. Coconut oil is also a great option to use on your hands and feet. A few tablespoons of coconut oil is sufficient for your hands and feet. Not only does it feel good during application, but its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties protect your feet from possible infections.


4.Get checkups

See your doctor at least twice a year. Diabetes raises your odds of heart disease. So learn your numbers: cholesterol, blood pressure, and A1c (average blood sugar over 3 months). Get a full eye exam every year. Visit a foot doctor to check for problems like foot ulcers and nerve damage.


5.Manage stress

When you're stressed, your blood sugar levels go up. And when you're anxious, you may not manage your diabetes well. You may forget to exercise, eat right, or take your medicines. Find ways to relieve stress -- through deep breathing, yoga, or hobbies that relax you.


6. Stop smoking

Diabetes makes you more likely to have health problems like heart disease, eye disease, stroke, kidney disease, blood vessel disease, nerve damage, and foot problems. If you smoke, your chance of getting these problems is even higher. Smoking also can make it harder to exercise. Talk with your doctor about ways to quit.


7. Watch your alcohol

It may be easier to control your blood sugar if you don’t get too much beer, wine, and liquor. So if you choose to drink, don't overdo it. The American Diabetes Association says that women who drink alcohol should have no more than one drink a day and men should have no more than two. Alcohol can make your blood sugar go too high or too low. Check your blood sugar before you drink, and take steps to avoid low blood sugars. If you use insulin or take drugs for your diabetes, eat when you're drinking. Some drinks -- like wine coolers -- may be higher in carbs, so take this into account when you count carbs.


Pain management for diabetic neuropathy through Massage Therapy:

High blood sugar can result in the thickening of connective tissue, and massage will increase the mobility and elasticity of that tissue. As the muscles, tendons and ligaments are relaxed, patients will find an increase in motion and flexibility in the joints, therefore improving their quality of life.


What is Diabetic Neuropathy?

If you have diabetes, you most likely have high levels of blood sugar. This excessive amount of blood sugar can damage the nerve fibers all through your body. When this damage affects the nerves in your hands, feet, arms, and legs, neuropathy occurs.


If you are diabetic and experience one or more of the following in your hands, feet, arms, and legs, you may have neuropathy:


*Tingling

*Numbness

*Burning

*Sensitivity to touch

*Weak muscles

*Balancing/coordination issues

*Sharp pain

*Infections

*Joint/bone deformities


Massage Benefits

Professional massage can help you with your diabetic neuropathy. Massage improves the circulation of blood through your body, which reduces inflammation and pain while promoting healing. During massage, your brain will release endorphins. These neurotransmitters flow through your body, instantly improving your mood and managing your stress.


If you suffer with diabetes, consider visiting a massage therapist to stimulate nerve endings in your limbs. This will reduce your risk of developing neuropathy. However, if you are currently experiencing the discomfort associated with neuropathy, schedule regular sessions with your massage therapist to reduce your pain and improve your stress level. If you are not able to schedule an appointment with a therapist then you yourself or a caregiver can give massage to the feet every night, before going to bed which will help in avoiding foot neuropathy.



References:

· John P. Cunha (2019-2-6),

· "Diabetes Early Symptoms and Signs"،

· medicine net, Retrieved 2019-2-14. Edited DR. MONA MORSTEIN,

· "Treating Diabetes Naturally:

· 9 Herbs and Supplements for Balancing Blood Sugar and Reclaiming Your Health"، conscious life style mag, Retrieved 2019-2-14. Edited. Arlene Seme co (2016-5-3),

· "15 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally"،

· health line, Retrieved 2019-2-14. Edited. ↑ Franziska Spritzler, RD, CDE (29-1-2018), "13 Ways to Prevent Diabetes"، www.healthline.com, Retrieved 27-2-2019. Edited. ↑ "Diabetes Symptoms",

· diabetes,2018-8-29،

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